Paths of Yoga I

With dozens of Hollywood celebrities following in their Guru's lotus footsteps and the sick Western commercial behaviour exploding Yogas popularity to a system that simply enhances people's health, Yoga remains a system of spiritual unity of mind, body and soul among millions of Indians and many others from Eastern beliefs, as it has been for over five thousand years. As a result, some forms of yoga have gained significant popularity outside India, particularly in the West during the past century.

Yoga is a form of mysticism that developed on the Indian subcontinent in the Hindu cultural context. The origins of Yoga are difficult to track due to the lack of recorded testimony. One of the closest meanings of Yoga comes from the Sanskrit word "Yuj" which it is generally translated as "union" or "integration" of the individual soul with the cosmos, or higher self.

Since the goal of Yoga dwells above any bodily consciousness, it has both a philosophical and a practical dimension to achieve that ideal state. On one hand, the philosophy of yoga manages the relation of both the individual soul and the cosmos. This universal philophy enjoins the practitioner to pursue his or her own path to enlightenment. And on the other hand, its practice can be any exercise or activity that approaches the yoga practitioner to self-realization.

Four Paths of Yoga

Special practical yoga techniques have been developed by experts in yoga. Traditionally, they have been classified into four categories or paths: the path of meditation (Raja Yoga), the path of devotion (Bhakti Yoga), the path of selfless service to the Divine (Karma Yoga), and the path of intellectual analysis or the discrimination of truth and reality (Jnana Yoga).

These Yoga techniques cover a broad range, encompassing physical, mental, and spiritual activities.

? Raja Yoga involves psycho-physical meditational techniques to attain experience of the truth and finally achieve liberation described in Hindu thought to be moksha. The basis of ashtanga yoga is the Yoga sutras (Sanskrit Verses) of Patanjali. We will consider the different aspects of yoga while remaining under the guiding principles of Patanjali's Yoga (Ashtanga Yoga). Raja Yoga is a comprehensive yoga system which deals with the refinement of human behavior and personality through the practice the Yama (restraint) and Niyama (disciplines); attainment of physical health and vitality through Asana (postures) and Pranayama (pranic breathing techniques); management of mental and emotional conflicts and development of awareness and concentration through Pratyahara (sensory withdrawal) and Dharana (concentration); and developing the creative aspect of consciousness for transcendental awareness through Dhyan (meditation) & Samadhi (absorption in the universal identity).

? Bhakti Yoga is the Hindu term for the spiritual practice of fostering of loving devotion to God, called Bhakti. Traditionally there are 9 forms of bhakti yoga. Sravana (hearing of God's Lilas and stories), Kirtana (singing of His glories), Smarana (remembrance of His name and presence), Padasevana (service of His feet), Archana (worship of God), Vandana (prostration to Lord), Dasya (cultivating the Bhava of a servant with God), Sakhya (cultivation of the friend-Bhava) and Atmanivedana (complete surrender of the self). The nine modes of Bhakti are the ways in which a devotee attains the Supreme Ideal of life. A devotee can take up any of these paths and reach the highest state. The path of Bhakti is the easiest of all and is not very much against the nature of human inclinations.

? Karma Yoga focuses on the adherence to duty (dharma) while remaining detached from the reward. Karma means to do, action, including those acts done by the individual from birth to death. "Karma Yoga is the selfless devotion of all inner as well as the outer activities as a Sacrifice to the Lord of all works, offered to the eternal as Master of all the soul's energies and austerities," the Bhagavad Gita says. Following the practice of Karma yoga, an individual becomes true spiritual seeker and realizes his true nature as Atman and he lives in this world, works for this world and still stays untouched from the grossness of the mundane pleasures, thus doing immense good to the society while on his path to salvation and spiritual freedom.

The Swami Sivananda Yoga Venanda Center sums up karma yoga into five actions:

Right Attitude It's not what you do that counts, it's the attitude while doing it that determines if a job is a karma yoga job, i.e. a liberating job, or a binding job.

Right Motive Same as attitude. It is not what you do that counts but your real motive behind it.

Do your duty. Give your best. Give results.

? Jnana Yoga. This is the most difficult path, requiring tremendous strength of will and intellect. Taking the philosophy of Vedanta the Jnana Yogi uses his mind to inquire into its own nature. We perceive the space inside and outside a glass as different, just as we see ourselves as separate from God. Jnana Yoga leads the devotee to experience his unity with God directly by breaking the glass, dissolving the veils of ignorance. Before practicing Jnana Yoga, the aspirant needs to have integrated the lessons of the other yogic paths - for without selflessness and love of God, strength of body and mind, the search for self-realization can become mere idle speculation.

Jnana yoga teaches that there are four means to salvation:

Viveka - Discrimination: The ability to differentiate between what is real/eternal (Brahman) and what is unreal/temporary (everything else in the universe.)

Vairagya - Dispassion: After practice one should be able to "detach" themself from everything that is "temporary."

Shad-sampat - The 6 Virtues: Tranquility (control of the mind), Dama (control of the senses), Uparati (renunciation of activities that are not duties), Titiksha (endurance), Shraddha (faith), Samadhana (perfect concentration).

Mumukshutva - Intense longing for liberation from temporal limitations.

Alma De la Cruz, a staff mystic employed by http://www.psychicrealm.com, has a profound personal history where she has unabashedly delved deep into the heart of occult mysteries for an extensive period of her life. Her name literally means "Soul of the Cross" in Spanish. Currently she is working publishing a manuscript that delves into the mysteries of Hispanic new age beliefs incorporating old insights with new spiritual methodologies. Check out her bi weekly metaphysical column: http://www.newagenotebook.com where she takes a new twist, incorporating Latin shamanistic philosophies with leading edge occult beliefs.

In The News:


The first National Kids Yoga Conference will tackle every child's pose
Washington Post
How do you teach yoga to children? It's a question that's often on the mind of Michelle Kelsey Mitchell, who's the founder and executive director of YoKid, a nonprofit in Alexandria that provides instruction in yoga for young people. Same goes for ...
Royal Oak yoga instructor headed for National Kids Yoga Conference in ...The Oakland Press

all 3 news articles »

Yoga? Yes! More, please, especially after Bhakti Fest
Los Angeles Times
It was supposed to be a girlfriend getaway, but a weekend trip to a desert yoga festival transformed my mind, body and skepticism about the benefits of the ancient practice, of which I knew virtually nothing. Naive but limber, I joined two yoga teacher ...


Yoga Deepens Its Roots in the West
Huffington Post
Three yoga halls and a series of buildings, tents, teepees, stages and shops cover several acres of desert anchored by an organic vegetarian food court in the center. The festival plays host to around-the-clock yoga classes, healing workshops, chanting ...


Hang Zen: Aerial class takes yoga to new heights
DesMoinesRegister.com
I attended a class to experience what's involved with aerial yoga and what a yogic flow is like — suspended in the air, or sometimes even flipped upside down. The trainers, though somewhat new to the scene of teaching, did not miss a beat when it came ...
View from above: Aerial YogaBarre Montpelier Times Argus

all 3 news articles »

Onward State

Experiencing Hot Yoga in State College
Onward State
Let me start off by saying this: I have never done yoga. I am not flexible whatsoever, and I often neglect stretching when I work out. So who on Onward State was more qualified than me to try out State College's only hot yoga studio? Nobody, that's who.


Yoga and Psyche: The Birth of a Field
Huffington Post
"Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing, there is a field. I'll meet you there," wrote Rumi. In April, 2014, a group of 200 yoga teachers, practitioners, psychologists, neuroscientists, and trauma researchers representing over a dozen countries ...

and more »

Yoga May Help Patients With Bipolar Disorder
dailyRx
Some patients who practiced yoga, which includes exercises for both mental and physical health, said it made them feel more calm. "Try yoga with the guidance of a trained yoga teacher." The study was written by Lisa Uebelacker, PhD, of Brown University ...

and more »

Tara Stiles Gives Us Three Yoga Poses To Get Through Any Day
Racked NY
What do you get when you combine a hotel chain with a yoga superstar? FIT, W's new health minded concept. The hotel chain has partnered with Strala Yoga founder Tara Stiles to revamp its approach to fitness, which includes swanky new hotel gyms, ...


Form of yoga may ward off Alzheimer's disease
Live 5 News
You may want to take up a simple form of yoga to stay healthy, even ward off Alzheimer's Disease. That's the finding of new research conducted at the Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston. The doctor behind this research says what's ...

and more »

Is Your Office Space Yoga-able?
Huffington Post
Don't assume there isn't enough space in your office for a regular yoga or meditation practice. My clients are often surprised by how easy it is to convert their daily workspace into a refuge for inner peace. As the founder of an office yoga company, I ...

and more »
Google News

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